Ketogenic Diet

The Ketogenic Diet is an adequate protein, high fat, low carbohydrate diet which is primarily used to treat epilepsy in children. The diet imitates starvation, and forces the body to burn fat instead of carbohydrates. Usually, the carbohydrates in food are transformed into glucose. This glucose is carried around the body, and is especially important to fuel brain functions.

However, if the carbohydrates are less in the diet, then the liver converts the fat into ketone bodies and fatty acids. The ketone bodies go to the brain and change the glucose to energy. If the blood contains a high level of ketone bodies, that state is known as ketosis. This leads to a reduced occurrence of epileptic seizures.

Your body goes through various changes when you start this diet. After beginning this diet, within 24 to 48 hours, your body starts using the ketones for efficient use of energy stored in the fat cells. In other words, the main source of energy is fat and not carbohydrate (glucose).

Because of this reason, it is not a problem if you eat large quantities of food during ketosis. This enables the body to lose weight rapidly, especially the fat. Further, there is minimum loss of protein or muscle tissue as the major food during ketosis consists of proteins.

Even though ketosis is the foundation of the Ketogenic Diet, it does not require to be followed for a long time. You can continue this diet until the weight of the body is a little more than the desired weight. Then, you can introduce foods with higher amounts of carbohydrates like rice, beans etc.

At this time, you can keep diary with your food intake routine, and note the quantity of carbohydrate taken. This will ensure you have enough carbohydrates without gaining weight. Once you learn to restrict yourself, you will not have any weight problems because you will know the quantities of calories, proteins, fats and carbs you require. Further, you will be more aware of your body and its needs. Therefore, we can say that the Ketogenic diet is a good way to ensure that we have a healthy body.

The original Ketogenic Diet provides limited protein for the growth of the body and its repair. This typical Ketogenic diet includes 4:1 ratio by the weight of fat combined with carbohydrate and protein. This can be attained by eating foods that are rich in carbohydrates like vegetables, fruits, pasta, bread, sugar, grains and also by increased consumption of fatty food items like butter and cream.

Ketogenic diets are of many kinds, and the Internet is full of information about them. However, the basic principle of the entire diet program is the consumption of large quantities of fats and proteins, while limiting the consumption of carbohydrates.

The diet has been very beneficial for patients with epilepsy. Within 6 to 24 months of following the diet, 90% of seizures may be eliminated.